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Challenges of Security Sector Governance in West Africa

1 January, 2008



Map of West Africa

Part I: Introduction
1 Understanding the Challenges of Security Sector Governance in West Africa - Alan Bryden, Boubacar N’Diaye and ‘Funmi Olonisakin

Part II: Case Studies
2 Benin - Sadikou Ayo Alao and Theodore Loko
3 Burkina Faso - Larba Yarga and Halidou Ouedraogo
4 Cape Verde - Adelino Handem
5 Côte d’Ivoire - Raphaël Outtara
6 The Gambia - Abdoulaye Saine
7 Ghana - Eboe Hutchful
8 Guinea - Boubacar N’Diaye
9 Guinea-Bissau - Adelino Handem
10 Liberia - Thomas Jaye
11 Mali - Nouhoum Sangaré
12 Mauritania - Anonymous with Boubacar N’Diaye
13 Niger - Boubacar Issa Abdourhamane
14 Nigeria - J. Kayode Fayemi and ‘Funmi Olonisakin
15 Senegal - Saidou Nourou Tall
16 Sierra Leone - Al-Hassan Kondeh
17 Togo - Comi M. Toulabor

Part III: Conclusion
18 Addressing the Challenges of Security Sector Governance in West Africa - Alan Bryden, Boubacar N’Diaye and ‘Funmi Olonisakin

Annex A
ECOWAS Instruments
i. Excerpts from the Protocol Relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (1999)
ii. Excerpts from the Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance (2001)
iii. Draft Code of Conduct for Armed and Security Forcesin Africa (2006)
iv. Excerpts from the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework (2008)

Annex B
Classification of States According to Signposts for SSR
List of Contributors
About DCAF


There is currently no comprehensive study of the status of security sector governance in West Africa. Many efforts to understand governance of the security sector in Africa have been directed either at individual countries or at providing a general analysis of the state and security in Africa. This book is intended to contribute to confidence and peace-building through developing a better understanding of the challenges of security sector governance and generating practical policy recommendations based on work conducted by West African experts. It analyses the nature of security sector governance in each of the 16 West African states, provides an assessment of the effectiveness of governance mechanisms, in particular relating to democratic oversight of the security sector, and takes into account the regional and international dimensions to the issue. This book will be published in English and French and disseminated to all relevant actors as a practical tool for both academic and practitioner audiences. Also available in French.


Alan Bryden, Boubacar N'Diaye, Funmi Olonisakin