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Police Reform and Gender (Tool 2)

1 January, 2008




Acronyms iii

1. Introduction

2. What is police reform?
2.1 Common challenges in policing
2.2 Why police reform?

3. Why is gender important to police reform?
3.1 Effective provision of security for men, women, girls and boys
3.2 Creating a representative and more effective police service
3.3 Ensuring non-discriminatory and human rights promoting police institutions and culture

4. How can gender be integrated into police reform?
4.1 Gender plans of action
Effective provision of security for men, women, girls and boys
4.2 Review operational protocols and procedures
4.3 Procedures and initiatives on gender-based violence
4.4 Women’s police stations/specialised units
4.5 Community-based policing
Creating a representative and more effective police service
4.6 Assessments and audits
4.7 Recruitment
4.8 Retention
4.9 Human resources
4.10 Advancement
Ensuring non-discriminatory and human rights-promoting police institutions and culture
4.11 Codes of conduct and policies on discrimination, harassment and violence
4.12 Gender training
4.13 Civilian oversight

5. Integrating gender into police reform in specific contexts
5.1 Post-conflict countries
Civilian policing in peacekeeping operations
Recruiting women
Police units on gender-based violence
5.2 Transitional countries
5.3 Developing countries
5.4 Developed countries

6. Key recommendations

7. Additional resources


This tool is intended for use by various actors working on police reform including: police officers and recruitment staff, government officials, international and regional organisations and civil society organisations as well as parliamentarians and researchers.

It is designed as a reference tool, with a mix of background information and practical examples and tips to assist in the design and/or implementation of the reform process. The following information can be used as a starting point for incorporating gender issues into a police reform processes The tool includes:

- An introduction to police reform
- The rationale behind integrating gender issues and ways in which this can strengthen police reform initiatives
- Entry points for incorporating gender issues into different aspects of police reform, including practical tips and examples
- An examination of particular gender and police reform issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts