Skip to main content


Back to Resources

Stocktaking of security sector roles in climate and environmental security - Iraq

12 April, 2024



Iraq is facing a range of climate and environmental risks, whose impacts on security are becoming increasingly apparent.

From rising temperatures and water scarcity to widespread pollution and biodiversity loss, the combined effects of climate change and human pressures on the environment are contributing to local unrest, tensions and increasing different dimensions of fragility.

This stocktaking study explores the significant potential in the Iraqi reform process to improve service delivery of security institutions regarding mitigating and adapting to the impact of climate and environmental risks on communities and the environment, as well as strengthening social cohesion and contributing to sustainable peace.

Conflicts around the distribution and management of natural resources are frequently linked to pollution and degradation of critical ecosystems. What is needed is a focus on protecting the ecosystems communities depend on for their livelihoods.

Download all reports