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Border Management and Gender (Tool 6)

1 January, 2008




1. Introduction

2. What is border management?

3. Why is gender important to border management?
3.1 Prevention and detection of human trafficking and smuggling
3.2 Protection and promotion of human rights
3.3 Representative border management institutions
3.4 Local ownership, civilian oversight and collaboration

4. How can gender be integrated into border managment?
4.1 Improving prevention and detection of human trafficking
Gender-responsive policies, protocols and procedures
Multi-sectoral mechanisms
Human trafficking training
Collaboration with civil society organisations

4.2 Strengthening the protection and promotion of human rights
Codes of conduct
Gender training
4.3 Creating more representative border management institutions
Inclusive and woman-specific recruitment policies and practices
Retention of female personnel
Advancement of female personnel
4.4 Enhancing civil society oversight

5. Integrating gender into border management in specific contexts
5.1 Post-conflict countries
5.2 Transitional countries
5.3 Developing countries
5.4 Developed countries

6. Key recommendations

7. Additional resources


This tool focuses on border management reform and the different ways in which border transactions impact the lives of women, men, boys and girls.

It encompasses the various border control functions "customs, immigration and law enforcement" and demonstrates the operational benefits of ensuring that gender perspectives are included in border management policies, procedures and practices.

The tool is designed to provide a basic introduction to border management and gender issues for the staff of national governments (including donor countries), as well as for international and regional organizations (such as the UN, OSCE, IOM and EU), responsible for the development of border management policy and programming. Parliamentarians, civil society organisations, academics and researchers working on border management and/or gender issues will also find it useful. The tool includes:

- A conceptual introduction to border management and gender
- An outline of ways in which integrating gender strengthens border management
- Actions to integrate gender into border management