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Context and stakeholder analysis of maritime security and justice in the Gulf of Guinea

12 December, 2023



Maritime spaces constitute vital elements for human security. With over 80% of global trade flowing through maritime routes, two-thirds of the population residing along coastlines, and aquatic environments serving as abundant sources of hydrocarbons, minerals, and aquatic resources, the significance of these seas is undeniable. Their impact on vulnerable states and populations is even more profound.

At the heart of strategic interests and essential for both population security and development, the maritime domain is susceptible to the influences of climate change, which disproportionately affect the lives of coastal residents, including both women and men. Consequently, focusing on the governance of maritime security becomes imperative for safeguarding human security.

Our assessment, conducted with the support of Ireland and Germany, in the Gulf of Guinea, stands as a contribution toward enhancing awareness in a domain often regarded as overly technical.

The recommendations we offer are pragmatic and outline clear priorities for ECOWAS member states and international partners alike.

This report pays tribute to the maritime communities, women and men, working hard to feed local populations while facing difficult security situations.

To improve maritime security governance, initiatives must address systemic corruption, establish real maritime cooperation, and involve civil society and local communities.


Patrick Hagan