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About SSG/R


What is SSR?

Security Sector Reform (SSR) is the political and technical process of improving state and human security by making security provision, management and oversight more effective and more accountable, within a framework of democratic civilian control, rule of law and respect for human rights. The goal of SSR is to apply the principles of good governance to the security sector.

SSR concerns all state and non-state actors involved in security provision, management and oversight, and emphasizes the links between their roles, responsibilities and actions. SSR also involves aspects of justice provision, management and oversight, because security and justice are closely related.

SSR can include a wide range of different reform activities covering all political and technical aspects of security, including, among others, legislative initiatives; policy making; awareness-raising and public information campaigns; management and administrative capacity building; infrastructure development; and improved training and equipment.


What is SSG?

Security Sector Governance (SSG) refers to the process by which accountable security institutions supply security as a public good via established transparent policies and practices.

Accountability of security institutions is affected by democratic oversight performed by a range of stakeholders including democratic institutions, government, civil society and the media.

Security sector reform is the process by which security institutions are subordinated to oversight mechanisms, vetting and lustration in order to deliver transparent and accountable public services as a public good. Security sector governance reinforces the rule of law.




ISSAT E-learning

DCAF/ISSAT has developed a series of online courses that are available to professionals currently working on, or interested in, Security Sector Reform and/or related topics in the areas of security, defence, police, justice, conflict management, advising, and peace support operations. Currently, there are four ISSAT online courses available: 

All courses include additional resource materials such as policy papers and documents, videos, podcasts and/or simulations aimed at providing participants with practical knowledge on the subject.

Participants will receive a certificate upon successful completion of each course.

More information