Indonesia: Security Sector Reform and Civil Society Capacity Building
Between 2007 and 2010, DCAF implemented a variety of parliamentary and civil society capacity development programmes in Indonesia on democratic security sector oversight issues in partnership with local institutions and civil society organisations.
The first programme from 2007-2008 was arranged in partnership with the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung's (FES) national office in Jakarta, Indonesian NGOs and members of the Indonesian parliament. The programme's aim was to promote understanding of the principles of democratic security sector oversight and introduce stakeholders to mechanisms and tools to increase transparency and accountability across the security sector. The project was fully funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The principle issues of interest to local stakeholders included:
- Border Management Reform (Transition to demilitarised border systems)
- Intelligence Oversight Reform
- The Role of the Media in Security Sector Oversight
- Military Justice Reform
- Defence Budgeting Reform
From 2008-2010, DCAF implemented a further iteration of the parliamentary and civil society capacity building programmes with an additional focus on regional programming. The programme also included a component to produce knowledge products to facilitate regional trainings, as well as sustaining analytical work on security governance issues, particularly in the area of Human Rights and Security Sector Oversight.
The key outputs of the programme were:
- Almanac Mapping Human Rights and the Security Sector
- Almanac on Security Sector Reform
- Civil Society Toolkit on Security Governance Issues
- Media Toolkit on Security Governance Issues
A number of key items from the Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit were also translated into Bahasa to support programming.
Partnerships with Local Stakeholders
Between 2008 and 2010, DCAF worked closely with IDSPS and Lesperssi to facilitate capacity development programming for parliamentarians, NGOs and the media on security governance issues.
DCAF's work with parliamentarians focused on parliamentarians in Commission 1, the Indonesian parliamentary committee dealing with issues of defence, foreign affairs, communications and information. Meetings with parliamentarians in Commission 3 dealing with internal security matters and media affairs began in 2007.
During the programme, DCAF also fostered a constructive dialogue with the Minister of Defence, the Head of Policy and Planning in MoD Indonesia, and the Sesko TNI Academy in Bandung. Between 2007 and 2008, DCAF cooperated closely with civil society organisations including Lesperssi (Border Management, Defence & Law Enforcement Reform, Parliamentary Oversight), Ridep (Police Reform), Pacivis (Intelligence Reform), ProPatria (Defence Budget Reform and Parliamentary Oversight) and Imparsial (Human Rights and Military Justice Reform).
Indonesia was also invited to join DCAF's Foundation Council and formally accepted in October 2007.
Following the end of 2007-2010 project, DCAF sustained cooperation with IDSPS to produce a 2014 update to the Almanac Mapping Human Rights and the Security Sector, and Indonesian SMEs have participated in other programming in both MENA and Asia focusing on lessons learned and best practices. Indonesian stakeholders also participate in the IPF-SSG platform.