In the Caucasus, DCAF works to meet the ongoing need to build effective democratic institutions by conducting security sector governance assessments and capacity building activities in cooperation with parliaments, ministries of defence and civil society and international organisations. DCAF has researched the ongoing capacity building needs of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and provided capacity building programming within the context of the Partnership Action Plan-Defence Institution Building (PAP-DIB) programme.DCAF works extensively on parliamentary and ombuds institution capacity building initiatives to improve security sector governance.DCAF continues to highlight the pressing issue of human rights observance within the region's military organisations, and organises specific capacity building events on this issue. These activities are conducted in cooperation with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, the United Nations Development Programme, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the OSCE and Turkey.
In 2011, DCAF conducted two fact-finding missions in Armenia to substantiate contacts with the local OSCE office and the Ministry of Defence. As a result, DCAF was invited to offer its expertise through a joint programme on ‘Strengthening the Armenian Defence Management Capacity’ starting in 2012 in several areas of defence management, planning and institution building within the Ministry of Defence. Furthermore, DCAF is invited to develop recommendations for a future defence strategy.