Dr. Albrecht Schnabel
Head of Operations Asia-Pacific
Albrecht Schnabel is Head of the Asia-Pacific Unit at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). He also serves as Senior Fellow in DCAF’s Policy and Research Division, and as Research Associate at the Global Health Centre (GHC) of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. From 2008-16 he served as Senior Fellow in DCAF’s former Research Division, where he headed the Security Institutions Programme and the Human Security and SSR Programme.
Albrecht’s research and operational work focusses on security sector governance and reform (SSG/R), particularly its development and post-conflict dimensions, with a regional focus on Southeast Asia and the broader Asia-Pacific region. Having provided training and advisory services for the United Nations, regional organisations and Swiss government agencies during the past two decades, since 2011 he has primarily been engaged in DCAF’s operational advisory and capacity-building activities in Southeast Asia, particularly in Myanmar (police reform), Thailand (media training), Philippines (SSR, DDR and peace processes) and Cambodia (SSG/R and external oversight), as well as in national and regional multi-stakeholder dialogues and parliamentary capacity-building on SSG/R.
His research and publications have focused on ethnic conflict, human security, armed nonstate actors, conflict prevention and management, peacekeeping, post-conflict peacebuilding, peace processes, health security, and conceptual, urban and development dimensions of SSG/R. He currently co-leads the GHC-DCAF project on “The Security Sector and Global Health Crises” (since 2015), and serves as an associated member in the Swiss Network for International Studies (SNIS) projects on “How to Break the Gridlock in Global Health Governance” (2015-17, with GHC/IHEID) and “Civil Wars and State Formation: The Social Construction of Order and Legitimacy During and After Violent Conflict” (2016-18, with the University of Geneva).
Before joining DCAF, Albrecht was a Senior Research Fellow at the Swiss Peace Foundation “swisspeace” in Bern, where he was responsible for the research programme on human security (HUSEC) and the Bern-based team of the early warning programme FAST International (2003-2008). From 1998-2003 he lived in Tokyo, Japan, where he worked for the United Nations as an Academic Officer in the Peace and Governance Programme of the United Nations University. Previously he served as an Instructor in the Department of Political Studies at Queen’s University (1994); Assistant Professor at the American University in Bulgaria (1995-96) and the Central European University (1996-1998); Visiting Research Fellow at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (1997); Visiting Lecturer at Aoyama Gakuin University (2002-03); Lecturer in International Organizations and Conflict Management at the Institute of Political Science at the University of Bern (2004-2008); and Visiting Lecturer for the Master of Advanced Studies in Security Policy and Crisis Management programme at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (ETH) (2010-2014). He has recently been serving as an external faculty member on regional security sector development courses at the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu (since 2011) and as co-director of an annual course on International Relations, Democratisation and Human Security for young professionals from Myanmar at GCSP/DCAF in Geneva (since 2013).
Further experiences include military service in the German Federal Armed Forces (1985-86), participation as an election observer in two OSCE election monitoring missions in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1997), training and teaching for the UN System Staff College course on Early Warning and Early Response (1999-2002) and a term as President of the International Association of Peacekeeping Training Centres (2001-02).
Albrecht studied comparative politics and international relations at the University of Munich, the University of Nevada, and Queen’s University, Canada, where he received his PhD in Political Studies in 1995.
DCAF P.O.Box 1360 CH-1211
+41 (0) 22 730 9400
Publications from Albrecht SchnabelThe Security Sector and Global Health Crises: Lessons and Prospects. A Policy Brief (2016)
Security Sector Engagement in Global Health Crises: A Brief for Policy-Makers (2015)
Operationalizing Human Security: Tools for Human Security-Based Threat and Mitigation Assessments (2014)
Operationalizing Human Security: Concept, Analysis, Application (2014)
Mapping Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces (2012)
Back to the Roots: Security Sector Reform and Development (2012)
Security Sector Reform Narrowing the Gap between Theory and Practice (2011)
Security Sector Reform in Challenging Environments (2009)
Other publications from Albrecht Schnabel
“We Need a Sustainable Development Goal 18 on Global Health Security” (with Ilona Kickbusch, James Orbinski and Theodor Winkler), The Lancet,Vol. 385, No. 9973, 21 March 2015, p. 1069.
“Security Sector Reform as a Manifestation of the Security-Development Nexus? Towards Building SSR Theory,” in Paul Jackson, ed., Handbook of International Security and Development, Aldershot, UK and Brookfield, US: Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 115-134.
“Human Security and Security Sector Reform: Mutually Reinforcing Approaches Towards People-Centred Security Provision,” in Paul Jackson, ed., Handbook of International Security and Development, Aldershot, UK and Brookfield, US: Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 64-79.
Wars from Within: Understanding and Managing Insurgent Movements, co-editor (with Rohan Gunaratna), London: Imperial College Press, 2015, 484 pp.
“Security Sector Governance and Reform: Back to Basics,” S+F: Sicherheit und Frieden / Security and Peace, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2014, pp. 97-102.
“Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces: Lessons for Building Partner Capacity” (with Marc Krupanski), PRISM, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2014, pp. 119-137.
Escaping Victimhood: Children, Youth and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, co-editor (with Anara Tabyshalieva), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2013, 258 pp.
Defying Victimhood: Women and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, co-editor (with Anara Tabyshalieva), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2012, 386 pp.
“The Responsibility to Rebuild,” in W. Andy Knight and Frazer Egerton, eds., The Routledge Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect, London and New York: Routledge, 2012, pp. 50-63.
“Armed Protection for Humanitarian Assistance Operations? Guidelines, Experiences, Challenges and Options” (with Marc Krupanski and Ina Amann), in Alexandre Vautravers and Yvita Fox, eds., Humanitarian Space and the International Community, Geneva: Webster University, 2012, pp. 147-166.
“Operationalising Human Security in an Urban Setting: The Experience of Caracas” (with Andres Antillano, Indira C. Granda Alviarez and Yves Pedrazzini), in Urs Wiesmann and Hans Hurni, eds., with an international group of co-editors, Research for Sustainable Development: Foundations, Experiences, and Perspectives, Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, University of Bern, Vol. 6, Bern: Geographica Bernensia, 2011, pp. 607-621.
“Kosovo, Humanitarian Intervention and the Challenge of World Order” (with Ramesh Thakur), in Ramesh Thakur, The Responsibility to Protect: Norms, Laws and the Use of Force in International Politics, London and New York: Routledge, 2011, pp. 42-60.
“Mainstreaming Human Rights in Responding to the Conflict Cycle: The Role of NGOs,” in Omar Grech and Monika Wohlfeld, eds., Human Rights and the Conflict Cycle, Msida MSD: Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC), University of Malta, 2010, pp. 83-114.
“Prevention of Escalation,” in Nigel Young, ed., The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Global Conflict, Transformation, and Nonviolent Change, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 (Conflict Research Society ‘Book of the Year, 2010’).
“Conceptualising Non-traditional Roles and Tasks of Armed Forces” (with Danail Hristov), S+F: Sicherheit und Frieden / Security and Peace, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2010, pp. 73-80.
Security Sector Reform in Challenging Environments, co-editor (with Hans Born), Münster: LIT Verlag, 2009, 268 pp.
Sexed Pistols: The Gendered Impacts of Small Arms and Light Weapons, co-editor (with Vanessa Farr and Henri Myrttinen), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2009, 461 pp.
“Towards a Human Security-Based Early Warning and Response System” (with Heinz Krummenacher), in Hans Günter Brauch et al., eds., Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts, Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, Vol. 4, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2009, pp. 1253-1264.
“Improving Early Warning and Response Systems: Learning from Human Security, Preparing for Climate Change,” in Andrea Ricci, ed., From Early Warning to Early Action? The Debate on the Enhancement of the EU’s Crisis Response Capability Continues, Brussels: European Commission, Directorate-General for External Relations, and Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2008, pp. 387-398.
“The Human Security Approach to Direct and Structural Violence,” SIPRI Yearbook 2008: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
After Mass Crime: Rebuilding States and Communities, co-editor (with Béatrice Pouligny and Simon Chesterman), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2007.
Transforming War Economies, co-editor (with Danielle Lalive d'Epinay), Working Paper 3/2007, Bern: swisspeace, October 2007.
Understanding and Managing Insurgent Movements, co-editor (with Rohan Gunaratna), Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Academic, 2006.
“Insurgencies, Security Governance and the International Community,” in Alan Bryden and Marina Caparini, eds., Private Actors and Security Governance, Wien: LIT Verlag, 2006.
“Conflict Prevention: Concept and Application” (with David Carment), in Gustaaf Geeraerts, Natalie Pauwels and Éric Remacle, eds., Dimensions of Peace and Security: A Reader, Brussels: P.I.E.-Peter Lang, 2006.
Security Sector Reform and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, co-editor (with Hans-Georg Ehrhart), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2005.
Researching Conflict in Africa: Insights and Experiences, co-editor (with Eghosa Osaghae, Elisabeth Porter, Gillian Robinson and Marie Smyth), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2005.
Gender Awareness in Research on Small Arms and Light Weapons: A Preliminary Report (with Emily Schroeder and Vanessa Farr), Working Paper 1/2005, Bern: swisspeace, January 2005.
Conflict Prevention from Rhetoric to Reality: Organizations and Institutions (Vol. 1) and Conflict Prevention from Rhetoric to Reality: Opportunities and Innovations (Vol. 2), co-editor (with David Carment), Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2004.
Human Rights and Societies in Transition: Causes, Consequences, Responses, co-editor (with Shale Horowitz), Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2004, 452 pp. Republished in 2005 by Bookwell, New Delhi.
“Changing International Relations and the Role of the Military in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Operations” (with Hans-Georg Ehrhart), S+F: Sicherheit und Frieden/Security and Peace, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2004.